Medical alerts 27th November to 4th December

Burundi: Malaria epidemic The malaria outbreak continues to increase across Burundi, heavily affecting the north and centre of the country were increased case numbers and fatalities. Malaria is consistently present throughout the country. It is spread through mosquito bites and can be fatal unless promptly treated Nigeria: Yellow fever The first yellow fever case was identified mid-September in Ifelodun Local Government Area of Kwara state. Since then, at least 15 cases have been confirmed in Kogi, Kwara and Zamfara states, and suspected cases have been reported in Abia, Borno, Kebbi and Plateau states. At least 24 deaths have been reported. A vaccination campaign has been conducted in high risk areas of Kwara and Kogi states, to prevent spread of the disease in the affected area and surrounding communities. Further campaigns are planned in December for Abia, Kogi, Kwara and Plateau states. Nigeria is considered a country with a risk of yellow fever transmission. The last documented human case was in 2002

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Medical alerts 15th to 22nd November

Congo (DRC):

Polio cases Since May 2017, at least ten cases of polio infection with circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) have been confirmed. The most recent case in Tanganika province had onset of paralysis on 14 September, and is related to the ongoing outbreak in Haut-Lomani province. There is a separate outbreak of cVDPV2 strain in Maniema province The cVDPV strain can emerge in under-vaccinated populations. Cases of wild polio virus have not been recorded in the country since late 2011. Polio is a contagious viral illness that causes paralysis and death. The infection is spread through ingestion of contaminated food or water, or directly from an infected person….. Surveillance has been increased and vaccination campaigns are being conducted to limit the spread of disease

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Medical alerts 27th to 4th October

Peru:

Increase in dengue activity Nationally, more than 71,500 cases have been reported in Peru since the start of the year with around one third confirmed as dengue. Over 80 fatalities have also been reported. While dengue is consistently present in Peru, the recent intense rains and flooding have exacerbated mosquito breeding and dengue transmission. Piura department accounts for almost two-thirds of the cases.

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Weekly medical alert 6 - 14 September 2017

Nigeria: Cholera outbreak Cases of acute watery diarrhoea were first reported in April. An outbreak of cholera has now been confirmed with over 1,900 suspected cases, and more than 35 deaths, from Kwara, Zamfara and Lagos and most recently Borno State.

Cholera outbreaks occur frequently in the country. Treatment centres are being set up in affected areas Cholera It spreads via contaminated food and water include vomiting and profuse, watery diarrhoea which can lead to severe dehydration

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